In a beautiful day of Monday of the year 570 AD in Mecca, was born a baby boy.

His father Abdullah wasn’t destined to live long, and died 6 months after his marriage with Amina, a high-born lady of Yathrib, a city in the north of Makkah.

Muhammad was born on June 8, 570  in the house of his uncle, Abu Talib, in the clan of Banu Hashim in Makkah, poor but respectable family of the Quraysh tribe.

Quraysh used to send their children into the desert to spend early years in a climate that is healthier than the one of the city. Children built up stronger bodies in the wide open spaces and pure air of the desert.

Arabs aristocrats also sent their children to live in the desert as they were purists in speech, and were great expert of words. They were fascinated by the Arabic language, its words, their meanings and the various nuances of their meaning; and they took great pride in their own eloquence.

Amina gave her child Muhammad, to Halima, a woman of the tribe of Banu Asad, living in the east of Makkah, for nursing. The infant Muhammad spent the first four years of his life in the desert with his wet-nurse. Sometime in the fifth year of his life, she is reported to have brought him back to his mother in Makkah.

The family Abdul Muttalib

Muhammad was six years old when Amina, his mother, died. He was then taken by Abdul Muttalib, his grandfather, to his home. But only two years had passed when Abdul Muttalib also died.

Just before his death, Abdul Muttalib called all his sons together and told them that he was leaving two “bequests” for them; one was the leadership of the clan of Banu Hashim, and the other was Muhammad ibn Abdullah, their nephew, an orphan of eight.

He then asked them who among them wanted his power and authority as the leader of the tribe, and who among them would take charge of the boy. Most of his sons showed much eagerness to be named the leader of the tribe but no one volunteered to take charge of Muhammad.

As Abdul-Muttalib surveyed the assembly and contemplated the future of the boy, Muhammad, an uneasy silence fell over the scene. But it didn’t last long. Abu Talib, one of his sons, stepped forward and said that he wanted the son of his late brother, Abdullah, and that he had no interest in authority and power.

Abu Talib’s forthright declaration clinched the matter for Abdul Muttalib. He decided to make Abu Talib not only the guardian of Muhammad but also the guardian of the clan of Banu Hashim.

Early youth

The tribes in the Arabian Peninsula were nomadic, trading goods as they cross the desert. Abu Talib was a man of great dignity and commanding presence. During his incumbency as the leader of Banu Hashim he bore the titles of the “Lord of Quraysh,” and “Chief of the Valley.” Like other members of his tribe, he was also a merchant, and his caravans travelled to and from Syria and Yemen. Young Muhammad is reported to have traveled with him to Syria with one of the caravans when he was twelve years old.

Early in life, Muhammad, the future prophet, built up a reputation for truthfulness, integrity. Since there were no banks in those days, he became a “banker” for the Makkans. They brought their cash, jewelry, and other valuables to him for safe-keeping, and whenever they wanted anything back, he returned it to them. They called him trustworthy الصادق and truthful الامين

Endowed with a refined mind and delicate taste, reserved and meditative, he lived much within himself. The fair character and honourable bearings of the quite youth won the approbation of citizens.

When Muhammad was 25 years old, his uncle and guardian, Abu Talib, suggested to Khadija, that she appoint him as her agent in one of her caravans, which was ready to leave for Syria just then.